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Definition of polyphase merge sort, possibly with links to more information and implementations. POLYPHASE MERGE SORTING — AN ADVANCED TECHNIQUE. R. L. Gilstad. Minneapolis-Honeywell Regulator Company. Electronic Data Processing. This article demonstrates one of the best known merge sorts, the polyphase merge. I make no sensational claims regarding the performance of this particular .

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Again, I included no code to effect either solution. I configured the type conversion operator int to assert valid construction for MergeFile objects. Replacement selection polyphase merge sort only 3 runs, compared with 5 runs obtained by polyphasr. The merge will frequently account for all null runs on the first pass, unless a dummy merge produced a null run on the target.

An ordinary merge sort using four working files organizes them as a pair of input files and a pair of polyphase merge sort files.

This works fine, but Polyphase merge sort had to write separate iostream-based versions of fread and fwrite these appear on the ftp site. Recall that after the completion of the distribution phase for N work files, at most N-1 of them contain polyphase merge sort runs for input and the remaining output or target file is initially empty.

The initial distribution is set up srot that only one input working file is emptied at a time, except for the final merge iteration which merges N-1 single runs of varying size, this is explained next from the N-1 input working files to the polyphasee output file, resulting in a single sorted run, the sorted dataset. Comment as Anonymous or Please Login to leave a comment. Wiki has an article on polyphase merge sort. Simple Algorithm We will assume we have at least three tape drives to perform the sorting.

One polyphase merge sort the merge list holds the basic assemblage of work files review Figures 1 and 2. The merge responds by decrementing the run count both null and actual for a file if it still has null runs at the beginning of a merge mini-pass.


This is potentially a time-consuming procedure, especially for large source files. The critical factor is the number of runs on each input file.

The number of runs decreases by a factor of 2 merrge each iteration, such as 64, 32, 16, 8, 4, 2, polyphase merge sort. Here is a table of effective reduction factors for polyphase and ordinary merge sort listed by number of files, based on actual sorts of a few million records.

Again, using file marks to indicate end of runs eliminates having to polyphase merge sort track of run sizes in memory. Given N work files, the number of input files during a merge pass is N Recall that a mini-pass merges one run from each input file to the polyphase merge sort. Listings 2 and 3 present MergeFile, a file buffering class. I make no sensational claims regarding the performance of this particular version, although the polyphase algorithm seems to be generally recognized as highly efficient by most cognoscenti.

The Art of Computer Programming, Volume soft Polyphase merge sort using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

It rewinds the target file and appends it to the tail end of the list of input files. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Merging combines two or more runs, one run from each file, into a single run on another file, polyphase merge sort sorted order. Without an active list, the merge would need to inspect an end-of-run flag each time around the merge list while scanning for the next largest element to remove.

MergeList maintains pointers to two separate lists, both of which contain MergeFile objects. Sign up using Facebook. For each polyphase iteration, the total number of runs follows a pattern similar to a reversed Fibonacci numbers of higher order sequence. Most MergeFile members are probably self-explanatory, but a few merit some comment. The first number in a new row is polyphase merge sort from the last number in the preceding row.

The principal constraint here, of course, is that the entire set of data must be present in memory during the sort. One run is left on each input tape, and polyphase merge sort those runs together will make the sorted file.


The final result consists of a single run on the output file. Some notes about the information polyphase merge sort the original question: Be careful polyphase merge sort opening the maximum number of work files; you may not perceive at first why you can’t open others.

A number of merge sorting algorithms are presently known [ 1 ].

Polyphase merge sort

Since priority queue is smaller by one element we can store this new polyphase merge sort in a dead space of the priority queue until the run is completed and use element for next run. This article demonstrates one of the best known merge sorts, the polyphase merge.

To work with either lists or arrays you need a container implementation. The merge pass repeats as before with larger runs pplyphase formed at each pass until only one ssort remains. This wil give runs of 4M. This list changes only at the polyphase merge sort of a pass, when files are rotated. A polyphase sort needs to transfer only a portion of the data at polyphase merge sort pass, resulting in higher overall efficiency since much less data movement occurs.

July /Polyphase Merge Sorting

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read polyphase merge sort updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is polyphase merge sort to these policies. When object construction fails, the client routine must delete the invalid object.

This occurs when two consecutive runs written to an output file happen to form a single run on that file without a merge taking place.

I chose to use FILE streams because xort and fwrite can process data in chunks, a natural for the chunk-style buffering scheme I devised.